Question 1: What is the judicial order requiring a detained person to be brought before a judge?
- The writ of Habeas corpus.
Explanation: The writ of Habeas corpus is a legal order that requires a person who is detained or imprisoned to be brought before a judge or court. This writ is a fundamental safeguard of individual liberty against arbitrary detention.
Question 2: What does a political party need to contest and win a widely accepted election?
- A broad-based membership.
Explanation: A political party needs a broad-based membership to have a wide reach and support base among the electorate. This will increase the party’s chances of winning a widely accepted election. Rigging elections and intolerance towards oppositions are not acceptable means of winning elections.
Question 3: What is not an aim of political parties?
- Organizing general elections.
Explanation: The organization of general elections is the responsibility of the electoral commission or relevant government agency. Political parties aim to contest elections, form a government, and educate the electorate politically.
Question 4: Which of the following is not a means through which political parties reach the populace?
Explanation: While political parties may engage with educational institutions, schools are not a means through which political parties typically reach the populace. Political parties often use posters, newspapers, and the internet to reach the electorate.
Question 5: What is an association whose ultimate aim is to influence government policies?
- A pressure group.
Explanation: A pressure group is an association of people who come together with the aim of influencing government policies. Pressure groups typically focus on a specific issue or set of issues and employ various strategies to bring about policy change.
Question 6: Why is the membership of pressure groups usually limited?
- Because they pursue specific and narrow objectives.
Explanation: Pressure groups usually have a limited membership because they pursue specific and narrow objectives. This narrow focus allows pressure groups to be more effective in achieving their goals.
Question 7: What is the purpose of conducting elections?
- To make the people choose their leaders.
Explanation: The primary purpose of conducting elections is to give citizens the opportunity to choose their leaders. Elections provide a way for citizens to express their preferences and hold their leaders accountable.
Question 8: What transforms power into legal authority?
Explanation: Legitimacy is the quality of being accepted as rightful and valid. When power is seen as legitimate, it is transformed into legal authority.
Question 9: Which states mostly use conventions?
- States with an unwritten constitution.
Explanation: Conventions are informal norms and practices that are not written into a constitution. They are commonly used in states with an unwritten constitution, where constitutional practices are based on tradition and precedent rather than a formal written document.
Question 10: What is an advantage of a flexible constitution?
- It can be amended by a simple majority.
Explanation: A flexible constitution can be amended or changed more easily than a rigid constitution. This makes it more responsive to changing circumstances and allows for greater democratic participation in the amendment process. However, a flexible constitution also carries the risk of being easily manipulated or leading to dictatorship.